E-scooters are one of different types of personal mobility devices (PMDs) that have gained popularity in recent years.

You may have heard of several accidents involving e-scooters in recent weeks, including a fatal accident in November 2017 involving a double-decker bus and an e-scooter rider who had ridden on the road.

In this article, we explain what is allowed for PMDs � which includes e-scooters � and what is not.

Where can we ride PMDs?

PMDs are only allowed on footpaths, cycling paths, and shared paths. PMDs are not allowed on roads, as well as pedestrian-only paths.

How fast can we go?

PMD users must keep below 25km/h on cycling and shared paths, and 15km/h on footpaths.

Are all types of PMDs allowed?

Your PMD must not weigh more than 20kg, must be less than 70cm in width, and must have its speed capped at 25km/h.

This reduces the risk of serious injuries during a collision, allows devices and pedestrians to pass each other safely, and ensures users do not exceed the speed limit.

What else must we do to ride safe?

Do switch on front white lights and rear red lights in the dark, so other riders and pedestrians can see you.

Dismount and walk your e-scooter when you see 'No Riding' signs.

Offer help and exchange particulars in the event of an accident.

By following the above rules, PMD users and pedestrians can all get around safely.

In just the first half of 2017 alone, there were about 90 accidents on roads and paths involving PMDs and power-assisted bicycles, which caused four deaths and about 90 injuries. Majority of these accidents took place on roads.

The Active Mobility Act � which is expected to come into effect in early 2018 � will impose penalties for reckless riding behaviour.

Those caught riding PMDs on roads may face a fine not exceeding $2,000, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months, or both. Those caught for repeated offences may face a fine not exceeding $5,000, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, or both.

Source: Government of Singapore